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Afrika

Árvizek #EastAfrica - Az EU kezdeti sürgősségi segítséget nyújt

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Az EU 3 millió eurót sürgősségi segélyt mozgósított azoknak a kelet-afrikai országoknak, amelyeket az elmúlt hetekben erős esőzések sújtottak, pusztító földcsuszamlásokat és áradásokat váltva ki. „Egy olyan régióban, amely már egy súlyos sáskafertőzés és a koronavírus-járvány következményeivel küzd, ezek az áradások tovább fokozzák a sok sebezhető közösség által tapasztalt nehézségeket. Az uniós támogatás elengedhetetlenül szükséges a leginkább rászorulók számára ”- mondta Janez Lenarčič válságkezelési biztos.

A támogatás az etiópiai (850,000 500,000 euró), a kenyai (1.4 250,000 euró), a szomáliai (900,000 millió euró) és az ugandai (XNUMX XNUMX euró) segélyszervezetek támogatását szolgálja, és menedékanyagot, tiszta vizet, ételt, higiéniai készleteket és az alapvető egészségügyi segítséghez való hozzáférést biztosítja. Csak ebben a négy országban az áradások miatt több mint XNUMX XNUMX embernek kellett máshol menedéket keresnie. Az EU már támogat humanitárius projekteket a konfliktusok, az élelmiszerhiány, a járványok és a természeti katasztrófák által sújtott régió legkiszolgáltatottabb embereinek segítésére.

Afrika

Politicizing the telecom sector risks increasing costs for consumers

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Huawei’s chief EU representative Abraham Liukang

Huawei’s chief EU representative Abraham Liukang

Speaking this afternoon (21 October) at an African Union (AU)-European Union (EU) webinar on the importance of EU-AU co-operation in research, Huawei’s chief EU representative Abraham Liukang warned that politicizing the future development of the telecom sector will only have the effect of pushing up consumer costs. “Basically, 4G and 5G were built around common technology standards. This brought benefits to consumers in terms of both the quality of new technology products that became available and in cost reductions for the end user. This process of advanced digitization has taken place due to global collaboration in research and science.

"The last thing that the world needs now is for de-coupling to arise as new tech solutions are built. The world should be about uniting together to fight issues like COVID-19 and climate change.

"Huawei has a strong history in taking part in EU research projects and we have also rolled out broadband in many rural parts of Africa, including through our innovative Rural Star project.”

Carlos Zorrinho MEP and who is also the joint chairperson of the EU-ACP Joint Parliamentary Assembly said: “The partnership of equals between the EU and Africa is just exactly that.

"There has to be an equal playing pitch in AU-EU relations when it comes to both the free movement of researchers and the free movement of ideas. Civil society in Africa needs to be engaged more by African governments on research issues. Science needs to be about finding solutions to key problems and it cannot be about controlling lives.

"The EU should support a new Wifi for All initiative in Africa.”

Annelisa Primi from the OECD said that “good science anywhere is good science everywhere. Make science, don’t buy it.

"Africa is helping the world to tackle Covid-19. Due to the experience of Ebola, Africa knows the priorities that need to be set in handling this pandemic.”

Moctar Yedaly, head of ICT at the African Union today said: “African governments need to invest in [Email protected] or they will lose out from the benefits of digitization.

"There must be a paradigm shift in thinking by African governments on this investment matter.

"Investing in clean and green technologies is key – if the UN Sustainable Development Goals are to be reached.

"Cybersecurity and data projects are very important as people around the world want to transact business without any danger.”

Declan Kirrane, managing director of ISC Intelligence said: “There is already ground-breaking research going on in Africa.

"The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) astronomy project is a global scientific initiative. African researchers are very strong too in the areas of data and computational sciences.

"Capacity building in Africa must improve if African researchers are to fully benefit from Horizon Europe and there should also be an alignment between Africa and the EU on GDPR and related policy subjects such as the health sector. The European & Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership is also making strong advances in tackling HIV, AIDS and malaria.”

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Afrika

Senior MEP calls on Parliament to 'restore calm' in Guinea after elections

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A senior MEP has called on the EU to press Guinea to “restore calm” after the weekend presidential elections left the trouble-torn African country in further turmoil.

Official results will not be known for several days and the local media have been banned from publishing exit poll results. But it is widely rumoured that the main opposition candidate, Cello Dalein Diallo, beat the sitting president Alpha Conde by over 50%.

There are now fears of unrest with Diallo suggesting the incumbent may “cheat” and dispute the outcome of Sunday’s (18 October) election in a bid to stay in power.

Diallo is apparently in hiding following rumours that he might be arrested.

Belgian Socialist Maria Arena, chairwoman of the European Parliament’s sub committee on human rights, told this website: “It seems important to me that the European Union, namely the external action service but also the member states, use political and diplomatic dialogue to try to restore calm in Guinea.”

On Monday (19 October), speaking exclusively to this website, Diallo said: “I am convinced from the results obtained that I won this election despite fraud and intimidation. I appeal to officials, territorial administrators and members of the branches of the CENI (Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante) to ensure that all compatriots observe and respect the electoral code and other laws and good practices so that our country does not sink into violence.”

He added: “We don't need it. But, the risk is that if Alpha Condé wants at all costs, and whatever the results of the ballot box, to proclaim itself the winner. Let him understand that we will not accept.”

Diallo went on, “I now ask the international community to take its responsibilities to save Guinea from drift.”

In the vote, which followed months of political unrest where dozens of people were killed during security crackdowns on mass protests, 82-year-old Conde sought a controversial third term.

Diallo told reporters, “Alpha Conde cannot abandon his desire to grant himself a presidency for life.” He warned his rival not take power using “cunning and violence”.

Diallo said that in the election observers had encountered obstructions at polling stations while Guinea’s Prime Minister Ibrahima Kassory Fofana admitted there had been “incidents.”

Ten other candidates besides Conde and Diallo contested the poll and, if necessary, a second-round runoff vote is scheduled for November 24.

Much of the tension in Guinea relates to a new constitution Conde pushed through in March, in defiance of mass protests, arguing that it would modernise the country.

The move controversially allowed him to bypass a two-term limit for presidential terms. Conde became Guinea’s first democratically elected president in 2010 and won again in 2015 but rights groups now accuse him of veering towards authoritarianism.

Maria Arena, also a member of the Parliament’s influential conference of committee chairs and foreign affairs committee, noted that an emergency resolution had been voted by the assembly in February condemning Condé's desire to change the constitution by referendum to allow him to exercise a third term.

She said: “In this resolution, the European Parliament had already pointed out human rights violations and urged the government to organize transparent, pluralist and inclusive elections.

"But Condé, who called himself the president of democracy (“the Mandela of West Africa”) changed his ways and took the path of repression by locking up opponents.”

Turning to the current post-election period, she said: “We must avoid repeating the scenes of violence of 2009.”

She added: “Unfortunately the covid pandemic did not allow the EU to deploy an election observation mission. This is damaging for Guinea.

“Guinea, like the other African countries, has signed the Cotonou Agreement, which is still applicable and this agreement provides for sanctions mechanisms in the event of non-respect for good governance and democracy. The European Council will also be able to use this tool if the elections lead to a failure to respect these principles and if the Guinean population is a victim.”

Further comment comes from foreign affairs committee chairman German MEP David McAllister who told this website he did not want a repeat of the violence seen during the legislative elections and a constitutional referendum in March which he said “was deeply shocking”.

“The EU has rightly called on the authorities to carry out independent and thorough investigations so that those responsible can be prosecuted.

“The presidential election on Sunday was included amongst the 2020 priorities for an EU-Election Expert Mission but the political situation in the country made it impossible to deploy a mission, as the minimal conditions were clearly lacking. Furthermore, the Guinean authorities did not actively send any invitation to the EU for an election observation,” said the EPP deputy.

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Afrika

Az EU és Németország összefognak azon erőfeszítésekben, amelyek támogatják az Afrikai Unió válaszát a #Coronavirusra

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Az EU továbbra is együttműködik a tagállamokkal a koronavírus-járvány leküzdésében minden fronton. Ma 500.000 10 további koronavírus-vizsgálati készletet kaptak az etiópiai Addisz-Abebai Afrika Betegségmegelőzési és Megelőzési Központjai számára. A tesztkészleteket az EU humanitárius légi hídjának repülése szállította, és a 1.4 millió eurós azonnali támogatási csomag részét képezi a német kormány által az Afrikai Uniónak (AU) a folyamatos koronavírus-járványra válaszul. Összesen csaknem XNUMX millió vizsgálatot tesznek elérhetővé a vírus kivonására és kimutatására az Afrikai Unió országai számára.

„Az EU humanitárius légi hídján keresztül az Európai Bizottság továbbra is karöltve dolgozik a tagállamokkal a sérülékeny országok támogatása érdekében a koronavírus-járvány közepette. Közös érdekünk a világjárvány világszerte történő kezelése. Elkötelezettek vagyunk az alapvető orvosi berendezések hatékony szállításának biztosítása mellett azokban az országokban, ahol a legnagyobb szükség van rájuk. Ez a konkrét szállítmány számos országot el tud érni, mivel támogatja az Afrikai Unió kontinentális válaszát. ”- mondta Janez Lenarčič válságkezelési biztos.

A készletek szállítása az Európa csapat nagyobb támogatásának része a koronavírusra adott afrikai kontinentális válaszban. Gerd Müller, a Németországi Szövetségi Köztársaság fejlesztési együttműködési minisztere ez alkalomból kijelentette: „Vagy együtt verjük meg a koronavírust világszerte - vagy egyáltalán nem. Ezért támogatjuk az Afrikai Uniót a német járvány-készültségi csoport révén, az EU-val együttműködésben. Az afrikai betegségmegelőzési és -megelőzési központok koordinálják az életmentő tesztelő berendezések beszerzését az AU tagállamai számára. Fontos szerepet játszanak az afrikai egészségügyi dolgozók oktatásában is. A koronavírus tesztelésének felgyorsítását célzó partnerség támogatásával biztosítjuk, hogy a tesztek széles körben elérhetőek legyenek. Kiállunk afrikai barátaink mellett a koronavírus elleni küzdelemben. ”

A teljes sajtóközlemény elérhető online.

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